Seven Habits[七个习惯]
(Stephen Covey)

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领导力与管理。 Stephen Covey的Seven Habits[七个习惯]解析。 (‘89)

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由管理大师Stephen Covey 提出的的七个习惯是一项可以广泛应用于个人生活、社会生活以及职业生活的实用理论。 尽管如此,七个习惯理论还是更多地为领导者和管理人员所运用。 根据Covey,我们的行为范式影响着我们与人交往,最后,又反作用影响着别人与我们的交往。 因此,Covey认为,任何有效的帮助我们提高的方法都应该是“自内而外”的,而那些把问题归咎为外界环境的“自外而内”法是不可行的。 改变和提高,必须从检阅自身的性格特征、行为习惯以及心智动机开始。


七个习惯

  1. 积极主动。 这是一种控制环境的能力,而不是让环境来控制我们。 管理人员需要运用自我决断的能力以及对不同环境的应变能力来有效控制自己所处的环境。
  2. 以终为始。 管理人员必须能够预见期望的结果,然后再集中精力于那些帮助实现结果的要务上。
  3. 要事第一。 管理人员必须要能够管理自己, 也即自我管理。 管理人员所做的事情,都要能够围绕第二个习惯。 Covey认为,以终为始是第一位的,是心智创造的过程。 要事第一是第二位的,是实际创造的过程。
  4. 双赢思维。 这是人际关系领导力的最重要方面,因为大多数的成果都是建立在双赢基础上的。 因此,管理人员在实践中需要寻求能够实现双赢的办法。
  5. 知彼解己。 管理人员要通过有效的沟通,建立积极的人际关系,理解同仁和下属,自己也能够被他人理解。
  6. 统合综效。 这一条是创造性合作习惯, 合作努力往往要比单枪匹马获得更多。
  7. 不断更新。 我们要向过去的经验学习, 同时要鼓励其他人也这么去做。 Covey视过往经历为我们应对挑战、发展更高能力的一项最重要的资源。

2004年, Covey出版了新书 《第八个习惯:从高效到卓越》 (The 8th Habit:From Effectiveness to Greatness),又引入了第八个习惯:

  1. 找到你自己的心声,并激励他人去寻找他们的心声。 向“卓越”的目标努力,意味着你不再仅仅着眼于自己做一个高效能人士,而是要整合所有的个体,帮助别人共同实现卓越目标。 根据Covey,这一习惯代表着他的习惯模型的第三维度。 “卓越”意味着三个维度的交叠:
  • 个人卓越。 通过如下种种个体形式来应用七个习惯: 愿景、纪律、激情和良知,等等。
  • 领导卓越。 运用七个习惯塑造领导力,并贯彻于如下四种领导角色中:
    • 道路开拓者。 构建宏伟组织蓝图。
    • 力量联合者。 开发高效组织系统。
    • 授权者。 充分发挥聪明才干之士的作用。
    • 建模者。 构建组织内人与人之间的信任。 高效领导力的核心所在。
  • 组织卓越。 将卓越的目标贯彻到组织愿景、使命和价值中去, 为组织带来清晰前景、明确任务、忠诚员工、协同效应,并在组织内产生一种责任感和使命感。

参考书: Stephen Covey: Seven Habits of Highly Effective People [中译本《高效能人士的七个习惯》,中国青年出版社,2004] -

参考书: Stephen Covey: The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to Greatness [中译本《高效能人士的第八个习惯》,中国青年出版社,2005] -


七个习惯论坛
  Questions About Covey's Circle of Concern and Circle of Influence (Habit 1)
"Because of position, wealth, role, or relationships, there are some circumstances in which a person's Circle of Influence is larger than his or her Circle of Concern. This situation reflects on a self-inflicted emotional myopia -- another reactiv...
     
 
  Principled-centered Leadership
There seems to be an ongoing debate re who should come first - customer or employee. Yet, I can think of situations when it is family first.
If you were in a high-powered client or employee meeting and suddenly received notice that your spouse j...
     
 
  Extra Habit: Spirituality
Be nice! Be good! Love is a powerful weapon against troubled people. Love and hate are contagious. Select first! Don't fall in dangerous games and keep your mind away from negative influences....
     
 
  Reasons for the 8th Habit
Anyone knows why the 8th habit came about. I feel it has to do with all the 7 not having the power of influence, no matter how proactive one remains, in bringing a significant change to the environment. The biggest culprit is the lack of top leadersh...
     
 
  Implement 7 Habits Across the Organization
Without effective communication, managers and subordinates have the tendency to misunderstand each other. This often leads to conflict. Managers must try to implement the 7 habits at all levels in an organisation....
     
 
  Covey's 8th Habit: Expression of a Higher Level of Awareness
The 7 habits framework can be applied as they are but the 8th habit represents a maturity that is not apparently evident in the first 7 habits. However, I would say that much like a diamond, the 8th habit is but one facet of leadership, but one very ...
     
 
  Extra Habit: Setting and Achieving Goals
I accept that the good habits are necessary to building positive self-esteem and image, it is a universal truth. The Seven Habits model developed by Mr. Stephen Covey is really practical in human being for successive live and very important for total...
     
 
  7 Habits is Road Map to Personal Success
Stephen R Covey's 7 habits should be a road map to personal success but the habits can be increased to as many as possible to achieve the same goal of personal success....
     
 
  Effectiveness to Greatness
I feel being effective alone will not lead to greatness. But being effective and efficient while being also Emotionally Intelligent will lead to greatness. Mr. Covey should take that as a sepa...
     
 
  Seven Habits: Reprogram your Mind
It's never late to learn and apply the seven habits of Covey, because these habits are the only tool to reprogram your mind to travel the path to success....
     
 
  Accountability of Time and Workforce Output
Accountability of time in comparision to the output of workforce is to be monitored very strictly in order to achieve the goals....
     
 
  Extra Habit: Enthusiasm
I believe the world belongs to the people of enthusiasm. It is our enthusiasm that reflects on our future output....
     
 
  Tools for being Proactive?
How to effectively control one's environment in a proactive way?...
     
 
  I say : Emotion Clouds Reason
Emotion clouds reason . To be an effective decision maker, a person should put truth and betterment of others above himself....
     
 
  Habits inhibit Freedom?
I feel the 7 habits inhibit the freedom to act spontaneously as perceived by the Zen Management approach which demands "Being In The Present"....
     
 
  Think success, then it will follow...
Success starts first in the mind, all other steps are simply the embodiment of ingredients that made up this very first mental image. Think success, then it will follow......
     
 
  Extra habit: Emotional Intelligence
I think the best way to have a successful and influential leadership is to add another habit: Emotional intelligence as a habit....
     
 
  Seven Habits: Followers?
I wonder, can there be habits for followers as well?...
     
 
  Seven Habits: Sharpen the saw?
What is the meaning of Covey's: Sharpen the saw?...
     
 

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最佳实践 - 七个习惯 高级帐户
  Stephen Covey 1932-2012
It's with great sadness I write that FranklinCovey Company announced the passing of Stephen Covey peacefull...
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - Seven Habits 高级帐户
 

Seven Habits of Highly Effective Salespersons

In the article "The Seven Strategies of the Highly Effective Salesperson" (Industrial Distribution, February 2008), John R. Graham analyzes the...
Usage (application)Distinguishing Top Salespeople
 
 
 

Seven Habits of Strategic CFOs

In the style of Stephen Covey, Kurt Kuehn suggests following Seven Habits of Strategic CFOs (Strategic Finance, September 2008) that can help t...
Usage (application)CFOs New Roles as Corporate Change Agents
 
 
 

Seven Habits of Effective Aid

Following Stephen Covey's way, Andrew Rogerson and Paolo de Renzio (January 2005) suggest the following Seven Habits of Effective (International) Aid:...
Usage (application)International Cooperation
 
 
 

Write a Personal Mission Statement

Covey wrote this pearl of wisdom in his book Seven Habits: "The key to the ability to change is a change...
Usage (application)Establish focus on who you want to be in your life...
 
 
 

Five Leadership Development Ideas

Although years of research and analysis by biographers, historians, and scholars have produced an enormous library of books on leadership, Robert J. A...
Usage (application)Leadership Development, Management Development, Coaching, Mentoring
 
 
 

Identify and Develop Leadership Abilities

Four Rules of Leadership...  
 
 

Why EFFECTIVE in the 'Seven Habits of Highly EFFECTIVE People'?

As a 7H certified trainer, we start our sessions by looking at the title of the book. Stephen carefully chose the word "effective", not "efficient" no...
Usage (application)Stephen Covey chose the Word Effective, not Efficient nor Successful
 
 
 

Ten Traits of Effective Leaders

In an excerpt titled Ten Traits of Effective Leaders (Harvard Management Update, 2005, Vol. 10, No. 10) from his book Performance Without Co...
Usage (application)Effective Leadership
 
 

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比较: Seven Surprises[七大惊奇]  |  Servant-Leadership[仆人式领导]  |  Charismatic Leadership[魅力型领导]  |  Leadership Pipeline[领导补给线]  |  PAEI model  |  Change Management[变革管理]  |  SMART[SMART管理法]  |  Path-Goal  |  Leadership Continuum[领导连续体]  |  Theory X Theory Y[X理论-Y理论]  |  4 Dimensions of Relational Work[关系工作的四个类型]  |  Results-Based Leadership[业绩导向领导]  |  Result Oriented Management[业绩导向管理]  |  Coaching[教练]  |  Mentoring[启导]  |  Situational Leadership[情境领导]  |  Leadership Styles[领导风格]  |  Level 5 Leadership[第五级领导]  |  EPIC ADVISERS[史诗顾问]


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