7-S架构 (麦肯锡)

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麦肯锡7-S Framework[7S架构]解析。

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  1. 摘要
  2. 论坛
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什么是7S架构? 释义

麦肯锡的7S架构是一个非常著名的管理模型,它提出了全面、高效考虑公司事务所涉及到的7个要素。 正是这些要素决定了公司的运营方式。 为了确保成功贯彻执行企业战略,管理人员必须通盘考虑这七个要素, 而不论其孰大孰小,孰重孰轻。 因为它们互为依赖,其中的任何一个要素缺少足够的关注,都会对其他要素产生不利影响。 此外,各要素的重要性也会随着时间的变化而发生相对的变化。


7S架构起源 历史

The 7-S Framework was first mentioned in the journal "Business Horizons" in an article "Structure Is Not Organization" by Robert H. Waterman, Thomas J. Peters and Julien R. Phillips in June 1980. It appeared also in "In Search of Excellence" by Peters and Waterman, and was taken up as a basic tool by the global management consultancy company McKinsey. Since then it is known as their 7-S model.


7S的含义

 

麦肯锡7-S Framework[7-S架构]共同价值/首要目标(Shared Values/Superordinate Goals

麦肯锡7S模型的核心即为: 共同价值。 如组织赖以构筑的基础是什么,组织的信仰和态度又是什么。 比较: Strategic Intent[战略意图]


战略(Strategy

对企业稀缺资源进行配置的规划,以满足企业不同时期的发展需求,实现企业既定的发展目标。 环境,竞争,客户。
 

结构(Structure)。

一个组织内部各部门的联系形式: 集中化、功能化形式(自上而下)、 去中心化形式、 矩阵、网络化形式,等等。


系统(System

组织各项任务的运作流程与操作程序: 财务系统、 招聘、晋升及绩效评估系统、 信息系统。
 

员工(Staff

组织内员工数量、员工类型。
 

风格(Style

组织的Cultural Style[文化风格],以及管理人员的工作风格。 比较: Management Styles[管理风格]
 

才能(Skills

员工的个人能力,或组织作为整体所反映出来的独特能力。 比较: Core Competences[核心竞争力]


7S模型的优势 优点

  • 对效率低下组织来说,7S模型是一个非常有效的诊断工具。
  • 指导组织变革。
  • 将理性的“硬”要素与感性的“软”要素有机结合了起来。
  • 管理人员在运用7S模型时,必须做到7S相互平行、相互关联。

参考书: Ethan M. Rasiel, Paul N. Friga - The McKinsey Mind: Understanding and Implementing the Problem Solving Tools and Management Techniques [中译本《麦肯锡意识》,华夏出版社,2002] -


7S架构论坛
  7S生出的领导与管理困惑?
你是如何理解7S架构下的领导(Leadership)与管理(Management)的?经常看到关于领导与管理的讨论,大多数人都说领导者制定目标与战略,而管理者执行战略。但是,让我疑惑不解的是,战略...
     
 
  How to Use the 7S Model in Education?
Does someone have an idea for using this method for universities or schools?
Let's say that the Shared Value is: moral or justice. What will then be the other six? How does the process go?
Did someone already tried?
Please share experi...
     
 
  7S X 7S Matrix: Tracking the Mutual Congruency of the 7S Elements
I have used the 7S for organisational assessment and analysis. I used it in a 7x7 matrix to check the S's for coherence as whether Structure supports Strategy and so on.
This analysis highlights the mutual inconsistencies between all S's....
     
 
  Competitive Edge with 7S Model?
(How) Can a firm achieve a competitive advantage with the 7S framework?
For me its the shared values and style that make up the competitive advantage of a company. It spells what it really is as an organization, bonds the workforce and competes ...
     
 
  Changes in Shared Values and Staff
The values of the organisation may change over time with changes of personnel entering the organisation from the outside. Especially in a growing company a few things happen quickly:
1. Advent of fresh ideas from outside (new people joini...
     
 
  7S McKinsey for ISO 14001
How is the 7S Model from McKinsey used as frame work for ISO 14001 implementation?...
     
 
  One More S: Solidarity
I think this is a sound model but Solidarity is missing in this model. It should be the 8S model. Solidarity is a concept of oneness. See the concepts of Dr. Abdullah Alama Muhammad Iqbal which has been taken from Quran (the holy book of Allah) and M...
     
 
  7-s Model as Basis for a Project Audit
Could McKinsey's 7-s model be used as a standard/norm for auditing control over projects in organizations. Anyone with experience on this matter?...
     
 
  McKinsey 7-S Model on Innovation
I am interested in the application of the 7-S model on organizing innovation structurally in a company.
For instance: what are the choices available for each S, related to the environment of the company.
In other words: How do you link the ...
     
 
  What is the NEW 7S Framework?
The new 7 S-es are:
1. Superior Stakeholder Satisfaction
2. Strategic Foretelling
3. Positioning by Speed
4. Positioning by Surprise
5. Shipping rules against competition
6. Signalling strategic intent
7. Simultaneo...
     
 
  McKinsey 7-S Background
I am doing a presentation on the 7-S framework and was wondering if anyone knew the first time it was successfully implemented and by who? Any other interesting ideas are welcomed as well....
     
 
  7-S within Government
It has come to my attention that the 7-S Model is rarely mentioned in its completeness when strategic session or planning is performed at government level. Could it be that government leadership is either unfamiliar with the concept, or is it that t...
     
 
  Extra S-es in the 7S Framework by McKinsey
I was able to utlize the 7S model very effectively to conduct the assessment of the state of the public health system for my research thesis. However, the model was limited in coverage of other critical factors that required assessment and was expand...
     
 

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最佳实践 - 7S架构 高级帐户
  McKinsey 7S in Fast Changing Environment: A DYNAMIC 7S Model?
Given that the business environment is changing all the time, what are the strengths and weaknesses of using the 7S Model in an organisation?
Is it necessary to update McKinseys model for current vo...
     
 
  CDOCi Acronym | CDOCi Tool
You can combine 7S analysis with a method called "CDOCi":
A way of reviewing a strategy or project by getting a team of people to write down their perspectives on the:
- C - Current situation
- D - Desired situation
- O - Obstacle...
     
 
  7S Data Collection and Analysis
What are some of your data collection methods for the 7 S model when using it as a diagnostic tool. The questions provided in the 7S Checklist provide nice direction regarding the "what" we are seeking, but what a...
     
 
  Measuring the Scores on each S of the 7S Framework
Hello all, have there been parameters developed to measure and/or track the 7 elements of the McKinsey 7S framework in detail?...
     
 
  Guiding a Change Program with 7-S Model
How can the 7-S model be used to inform or guide a change program?...
     
 
  Involving Staff in 7-S Framework
Implementing the 7-S can be challenging especially without the buying in of staff and management. How can these people best be involved for a swift strategic change?...
     
 
  Why are Shared Values in the Center of 7's?
Why are Shared Values (or Superordinate Goals) in the Center of 7s? Please help me... Thank you..^^....
     
 
  Does the 7-S Model still holds true today?
Does the 7-S Model still holds true in today's business environment? Companies are increasing outsourcing their functions, and headquarters are only becoming a virtual company. Look at a company like Nike which has become success...
     
 
  Applications of the 7-S Framework
While some models of organizational effectiveness go in and out of fashion, one that has persisted is the McKinsey 7S framework. Developed in the early 1980s by Tom Peters and Robert Waterman, two consultants working at the McKinsey & Company consult...
     
 
  Limiting choice of 'S' in 7S Framework?
While reading for my management course, I couldn't help but wonder if the choice of an alphabet limits the scope and skews the interpretation of a model. When formulating a model, how easy / difficult is it to find a word that starts with a particula...
     
 
  How to Link 7S Model with Leadership and Management
How do you link the 7 s framework with leadership and management. Because when discussing leadership and management most writers say leaders set the major objectives and strategies and managers will transmit and implement this strategies.

...
     
 

Expert Tips (ENG) - 7-S Framework 高级帐户
 

7S Checklist with Questions for Each S

Here's a list of questions you can use to analyze an organization in terms of the 7S Framework:
STRATEGY:
- What is our strategy?
- How...
Usage (application)Firm Analysis, Organizational Analysis
 
 
 

Categorizing the S-es in McKinsey's 7-S Model

The seven S's can be broken down into:
- 3 Hard S-es (Strategy, Structure and Systems) which are relatively easy to identify and influence...
Usage (application)Strategy, Strategic Change, 7S Implementation
 
 
 

Improved 8S Framework for Strategy Execution

As the business environment becomes more complex and more changeful, James M. Higgins suggests the introduction of the 8 S-es of Strategy Executio...
Usage (application)Strategy, Strategic Change, 7S Implementation
 
 
 

How to Identify Potential Problem Areas in 7S?

You can create a 7S Confrontation Matrix with all 7 S-es listed both horizontally and vertically. In the cells or intersections you list the expected ...
Usage (application)Strategy, Strategic Change, 7S Implementation
 
 

相关资料 - 7S架构 高级帐户
 

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比较: Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change[组织绩效与变革因果关系模型]  |  Ashridge Mission Model[Ashridge使命模型]  |  Strategic Alignment[战略策应]  |  McKinsey Matrix[麦肯锡矩阵]


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