Reference of SMART Goals


Management by Objectives, SMART

Reference of SMART Goals

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Ana, UK
Does anyone know the reference for SMART goals? I checked in Peter Drucker’s book: “The practice of management” and did not find it. Is really Peter Drucker who invented this acronym? Thank you,

Ken, England
I think the SMART acronym is often misrepresented as Specific Measurable Achievable Realistice and Timebound. I think people have difficulty with the Achievable and Realistic elements. Try Specifc Measurable Alligned Relevant and Timebound. I think it is much better and I actually think this is the correct acronym. Why? Would a Vinci have designed a Helicopter with the usual acronym. Think Realistic!!!
Who invented SMART
Markus, Germany
I really would like to know when the acronym smart was firstly used and who used it.
More on SMART Concept
Ijaz Ali, Student (University), United Kingdom
Hi, I just wanted to know more on the SMART approach. Which would be the best way to find a whole book or magazine on smart for referencing, that can be used in essay and assignments.
First Use and Meaning of Smart Acronym
Jaap de Jonge (Editor), Business Consultant, Netherlands
The first known use of the term occured in the November 1981 issue of Management Review by George T. Doran ("There's a S.M.A.R.T. way to write management's goals and objectives." Management Review, Nov 1981, Volume 70 Issue 11.)
There is no consensus about precisely what the 5 or even 7 letters stand for, or even what they mean in any given situation. You are advised to adapt the acronym to your specific demands. Typically accepted values are:
Letter: major term - (minor terms)
S: SPECIFIC - (significant, stretching, simple)
M: MEASURABLE - (meaningful, motivational, manageable)
A: ATTAINABLE - (appropriate, achievable, agreed, assignable, actionable, action-oriented, ambitious, aligned)
R: RELEVANT - (realistic, results/results-focused/results-oriented, resourced, rewarding)
T: TIME-BOUND - (time-oriented, time framed, timed, time-based, timeboxed, timely, time-specific, timetabled, time limited, trackable, tangible)
E: EVALUATE (ethical, excitable, enjoyable, engaging, ecological)
R: REEVALUATE (reward, reassess, revisit, recordable, rewarding, reaching)
Source: Wikipedia.
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