Four Sets of Activities of Donaghue

Facilitation Styles > Forum Log in

Four Sets of Activities of Donaghue
Anneke Zwart, Student (University), Netherlands

John Heron's work focused on the relationship between the helper and the client.
In 1992 Charles Donaghue incorporates a responsibility for the relations between the learners (members, learning teams, those that are facilitated) and their organization (system) in Heron's 6 styles.
He connects and compliments the Six Facilitation Styles of Heron by describing a "Model of Set Adviser Effectiveness" with four sets of related activities, including interventions, that are meant to preoccupy the facilitator (helper, coach). These four sets are mentioned below:
1. Understanding: to fully comprehend the membership of the learning team. This includes their backgrounds, their functions (jobs), the nature of their projects, their framework of reference as well as an understanding of the team as a whole.
2. Intervening: to understand HOW and WHEN to act to influence the team, assuming the facilitator already “understands” the membership of the learning team (the first activity mentioned).
3. Reviewing: giving feedback a. to the learning team(s) on what they initially intended and committed to; to their original plans. “Reviewing” also includes the provision of feedback b. to each individual team member on the personal development and learning plan of each individual.
4. Integrating: establishing a relation between the learning team members and their projects within the system or organization of the client.
Source: C. Donaghue, "Toward a Model of Set Adviser Effectiveness," Journal of European Industrial Training, 1992, 16(1), 30-36



    Do you wish to study further? You can learn more from the summary, forum, discussions, lessons, courses, training, instructions, expert tips, best practices and education sources. Register.  

Special Interest Group Leader

You here

More on Facilitation Styles
Best Practices

Expert Tips


About 12manage | Advertising | Link to us | Privacy | Terms of Service
Copyright 2016 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.1 - Last updated: 23-10-2016. All names tm by their owners.