Globalization in Higher Education

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Globalization in Higher Education
Raghu Raman, Professor, Sultanate of Oman

We are thinking about globalization/glocalisation from an industry point of view (manufacturing and services). But we are very slow in the education industry to implement this paradigm shift, especially in third world countries.
Advanced countries are managing and maintaining their standards of education to some extent, such as in Europe and other western countries. Asian and African countries are unable to maintain the global standard of education.
Every country is in need of R&D in the education sector and it should be at galloping speed.
I am of the opinion many nations are not giving enough importance to the education sector, in particular to the higher level education. What action is to be taken by those at the helm of affairs in the respective governments?
The standard of education is deteriorating in developing countries.

Global Standards in Education
Bantwal Prabhu, Teacher, India
It is said if the education moves backward today, the nation will more backward tomorrow. This applies to most of the developing nations of the world. This is also a consequence of globalization, richer nations becoming richer and invest more in education and health.
The BOP nations must realize the importance of education and that the future depends on the creation of knowledge society. Unless they do that there is no bright future for BOP nations and they have to accept whatever they get.
Today Canada leads the most educated countries followed by Israel, Japan, USA, New Zealand... leaving the populist countries like China. India nowhere in the scene of education although they boast of their future super powers!

Global Standards in Education
Ruwan Bandara, Manager, Sri Lanka
Poor education in developing countries is basically caused by poor strategy. For example, all rich countries have strong education strategies while poor countries have very weak ones.
ICT can reduce the gap, for example if poor countries adapt relevant IT strategies in education they can overcome most of the issues. And when donating funds to poor countries, donors should focus on giving the art of fishing (strategy) rather than just giving fish.

Global Standards in Education
Wulf-Dieter Krueger, Teacher, Thailand
Having worked in higher education in this country I had to learn that most of the local educators are just not interested in a globalisation of standards for two reasons:
1. They do not have the competence to do this and do not want to learn to acquire such competence
2. They do not want to change anything as it would mean a lot of hard work for them.
Plus: They block, sabotage foreigners who use their higher competence, because they would not look good with the students, once the students realize, who provides for the better learning.
Students praising a foreign teacher is a horror for the local teachers.

Globalization of Higher Education
Leodegardo M. Pruna, Professor, Philippines
Globalization of Higher Education can never be reached without developed nations sharing their competitive advantage/edge with developing nations. There is a need for developed countries to be generous enough in allowing developing nations to gain knowledge access to the resources it has developed by way of science and research. By narrowing the gap in knowledge and technology can globalization be realized to the advantage of both developed and developing nations.

Globalisation of Education
Onyangore Peter Ogendi, Teacher, Kenya
The time developing countries spend in political rhetoric should be well spend in global education and this will make this countries peaceful.
If all the energy is spent in education, what we are experiencing now will be extinct in the sense that our youths will focus on integrating with their counterparts from developed countries. Their league will be international and this will make our youths more innovative. The government and educational policy makers should again look at the curriculum to make it possible to embrace global educational policies And even allow exchange programs to make it possible for students to share. But working undercover as developing countries with our educational policies, we will be left behind and we will continue depending solely on developed countries knowledge.

Globalisation and Higher Education
Teun Wolters, Professor, Netherlands
The knowledge and experience is there, worldwide. Call them in. The main issue is the right local spirit and morale. Mobilise them and go for good value-based internationally relevant education.

We Bring Them Here
Eyal Policar, Entrepreneur, Israel
Learning by doing doing by learning
We bring 1000 students from Asia every year.. They work on the farms.. Once a week in class they earn a nice salary, that pays for all their expenses and even get to go home with a bit of money.. But it is the knowledge that will eventually lead to transformation..
A teacher is someone who can show you where to look.. But to see is up to the student..

Teaching and Learning
Tarcisio Bonotto, Teacher, Italy
In Italia as well as in other countries students do not know well and sufficiently the mother language and mathematics.
In Italia there was an attempt to shift from teaching to learning through experience and work, at the school itself.
An example: it is possible to have 4 continuous hours of mathematics in the elementary class, working with Cuisenaire Rods. From these experiences students learn by themselves the rules of mathematics...
After the first class students can produce "fractional expressions with squared and cubed power".
So instead of 'infuse knowledge', extract the knowledge... through experience.
This is the base for having a successful higher education.

Globalization and Higher Education
Sumaia El Zein, Professor, Sudan
This is 100% true dear ONYANGORE Peter (Kenya), and let me add the the extensive involvement of university students on political issues on the account of their study.
Advanced countries spend a lot of money on scientific research and innovation, while this is the least area to be considered by governments of developing countries whereas money is directed to areas of government interests.
Allocation of sufficient budgets, proper education planning, and research, are basic to development and advancement, in addition to exchange of faculty members and university students, and networking with their peers in reputable higher education and research institutions in advanced countries.

Globalization and Higher Education in India
bhamidi v.s. uma ganesh, Professor, India
In India, politicians are busy with their scams, cases and they bother not at all about the importance of higher education. So obviously meritorious students are willing to study abroad, and they are likely to settle there.
The quality of education in all areas has come down year by year. Massive change is needed in education in India.

Globalization Here and There
dianawei, Student (University), China
I think globalization of education is important for everyone. Think about this, we college students spend four years on study without an aim in the university.
No aim, no road; no road, no passion. So we students hang around all over the world traveling and doing nothing. If we can do more in education, an atmosphere of study will be created.
Then, everyone will join the progress of human civilization but not a nation's civilization.

Give Generously and Take Graciously
Wulf-Dieter Krueger, Teacher, Thailand
@Leodegardo M. Pruna: Well - same sort of thinking here where I worked in education and higher education from 1996 th 2013.
There are a lot of Westerners who give, because they like their job and the students. However, how many local colleagues are there to take graciously.
Methodologies in this country are 60 or more years behind of what is going on in the West or elsewhere. Local colleagues do not want to take modern methodologies in, because 'our students do not want this, because the western methodologies do not understand our culture' - it's a foul excuse for not doing ones duty as an educator properly.
Local superiors will block modern methodologies for the same reasons. The Psychology of Learning, however, has always been globalized since mankind came into existance.

Globalización en la Educación Superior
Jorge Echazabal, Teacher, Panama
A few years ago I was at an international meeting on educational issues in my field of work and talked about the need to unify criteria to strengthen the unity of our system. A country representative said: "Impossible task" in a discouraging tone.
I think he had no idea of ​​the uniformity of systems and therefore rejected the idea outright.
Today, years later, we have achieved similar criteria that are strengthening the task. We have coined the theme "flexible standards" to establish educational programs that open to possibilities according to the needs of a specific region or country.
Specialties have emerged in order to establish guidelines for national initiatives. Followed in search of similar criteria to help us validations or approvals of materials. Globalize is a term too universal and even ambiguous. We define the term well. From there we will see what is impossible or posible. Greetings.
Hace unos años yo estaba en una reunión internacional sobre tema educativo de mi campo de trabajo y hablamos de la necesidad de unificar criterios para fortalecer la unidad de nuestro sistema. Un representante de un país dijo: Imposible tarea en un tono desanimador. Creo que él tenía la idea negativa de uniformidad de sistemas y por eso rechazaba la idea de plano. Hoy, años después, hemos logrado tener criterios afines que están fortaleciendo la tarea. Hemos acuñado el tema "estándares con flexibilidad" para establecer programas educativos que se abren a posibilidades según las necesidades de la región o de un país específico. Especialidades han surgido con el fin de fijar pautas para las iniciativas nacionales. Seguimos en la búsqueda de criterios afines que nos ayuden a las convalidaciones u homologaciones de materias. Globalizar es un término demasiado universal y hasta ambiguo. Debemos definir bien el término. Partiendo de allí veremos lo que es imposible o posible. Saludos.

North - South Partnership in Education
Arif ur Rehman, Professor, Pakistan
Developing countries in general consider ‘education’ as an expenditure, whereas ‘investing’ in people through education is the real asset of a nation.
Higher Education Commissions (HEC’s) have come up in the poorer nations, and are busy working with the tapestry of a patchwork – beautiful to look at – but not the fabric from which ‘clothes’ are ‘stitched’ and ‘worn.’
Governments of the South need not reinvent the wheel -- the North with its high standards in learning – can form groups that will enter into global-multidisciplinary-partnership at state level to help design, instruct and implement a multi-faceted approach which best meet the host countries’ economic, social and cultural needs.
On-line course programs like those offered by Alison, Khan Academy and leading universities can join hands, and with fanfare of financial resources – often a stumbling block in host countries – integrate academic disciplines that they cater to tomorrow’s needs globally. Such learning will integrate all.

Cooperation in Globalization of Education
rajat baisya, Professor, India
Knowledge should be free for all to learn and make use of the same for the good of society and mankind. Unfortunately, more knowledgeable societies dominate over less fortunate ones by exploiting the knowledge dimension which gives them better access to resources and prosperity.
Key imperatives today is the globalization of education.
But it started from the other end by attracting students from developing and underdeveloped countries to more developed countries. In countries like UK, USA, Australia, overseas students from developing countries including India constitute a large part of the students community and hence also has an impact on the countries' economy.
What is needed is setting up academic institutions of global standard in developing and underdeveloped countries in association and cooperation with well-known institutions abroad in developed countries. That will improve the standards of education in developing countries.

Improvement of Secondary Education
Teun Wolters, Professor, Netherlands
I agree that international cooperation can be important to reach good standards. However, we should not forget the level of secondary school education. Good higher education remains to a great extent dependent on the level of the incoming students. Therefore, we may need to build in tailor-made preparatory programmes which make sure the students have an acceptable level, both in terms of knowledge (English, maths etc) and problem-solving skills.
So part of this preparation is a matter of personal growth based on high ethical principles.

Partnerships in Globalization of Higher Education
Leodegardo M. Pruna, Professor, Philippines
@Rajat baisya: 'There is always the issue of what benefit any partnership could provide to the more established institution should it enter into a partnership? The practice of Corporate Social Responsibility could trigger any move along the lines of partnership, but how much does the established institution care about it?
What at the moment can be done to resolve this issue is for any recognized body like the UNESCO to set up international standard for higher education for everybody to aspire and submit to whether from developing or developed nations.

Benefits of Partnerships in Globalization of Higher Education
rajat baisya, Professor, India
@Leodegardo M. Pruna: More established organisations and institutions will gain financially as students will preferentially join these schools where faculties are drawn from their global pool of experts and scholars, and quality will be of much higher standards. Students migrating to developed countries drain human resources as they never come back. Besides, only a limited number of students can afford it.
CSR activities are depending a lot on a country's legal framework in terms of company law practices.

Educating in Emerging Countries
Dr. Luis De La Cruz, Professor, United States
Access to online education offers a free-cost alternative to educate people in emerging countries through Khan Academy, Coursera, Academic Earth from MIT and other leading universities' Open Courseware, including low cost Udemy modules. Educational funds from government and private market contributions could go to improve technical schools technologies instead of being mostly allocated to higher education institutions. Entrepreneurs fuel innovation and practical initiatives to improve local technologies when supported by trade trained machinists, mechanical and electronic technicians. Conversely, the formal path of education is too long for a society in which change is ubiquitous and too expensive in societies in which change is lagging and trading resources are limited.

Education with the Help of ICT
Bantwal Prabhu, Teacher, India
Education of the future takes a lot of support from Information and Communication Technology (ICT), online learning, content management and delivery, anytime and anyplace information, cost effective systems for all levels from basic to advanced.
Editor: Yes, and these technologies can typically be accessed and used on a global basis.

Primary Education and Globalization of the Econonomy
Tarcisio Bonotto, Teacher, Italy
Certainly primary education is a must if we want to rise good citizens. For that we need infrastructure, schools, we need good teachers, good food to develop a good health. For all these objectives we need a sound economy, an economic system functioning for the welfare of the local population.
In many countries resources are exploited by foreigners, and the local people do not get benefits.
Proper education should be linked with a sound economy. The globalization of the economy, because of its goals and rules, is not a proper instrument to foster the economic revival of any country. We must change its nature and pervasive negative influence in all the countries of the world.

Globalisation in Education
rajat baisya, Professor, India
Globalisation of secondary education can help creation of global knowledge workers. But in this race underdeveloped and developing countries will suffer for two reasons. One, globally recognised institutions will not set up campuses in these poor countries for economic reasons. And two, there is migration of students from poor countries attracted by high pitch promotion. Under the circumstances local government must take initiatives and make policies for standard secondary education and focus on delivery of quality education. I visit overseas campus and find students community from all over the world which means well to do students are coming from poor countries also. The same is not the case in poor countries. I can see that only government initiatives can find solution.


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