Factors in Implementation of Environmental Management

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Factors in Implementation of Environmental Management
Anneke Zwart, Student (University), Netherlands

Some companies decide to implement Environmental Management (EM) while other companies don't. Oberhofer and Furst (2013) looked at the implementation of EM in the transport sector. But first, they outline the general factors that are taken into account when deciding whether or not to adopt EM. The following factors are important according to them:
1. Legal Requirements: One of the most mentioned reasons for EM is that rules and standards simply require companies to implement EM. Such rules and standards have become increasingly important with globalization, even if companies want to move to a single standard that is applicable on an international scale, instead of having different standards in different countries.
2. Environmental awareness: Another reason to implement EM is the awareness and attitude towards the environment. The norms and values of employees concerning environment influence their firms to act environmental friendly. Not only employees, but also stakeholders’ environmental awareness influences the adoption of EM.
3. Size of a firm: A company’s size needs to be taken into account too. This is caused by different training levels and pro-active behavior in environmental issues. Implementing EM in small companies is often relatively expensive, because of internal obstacles (lack of resources; problems with implementing; poor EM-understanding), while these costs are relatively low in large companies.
These are the most important factors that firms take into account when considering the adoption of EM. Companies weigh the benefits and costs - considering both internal and external factors – although these are difficult to quantify.
Source: Oberhofer, P. And E. Furst (2013) “Sustainable Development in the Transport Sector: Influencing Environmental Behaviour and Performance” Business Strategy and the Environment Vol. 22 pp 374-389.



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