Gearing Ratio

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Description of Gearing Ratio. Explanation.

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Definition Gearing Ratio. Description.


The Gearing Ratio measures the percentage of capital employed that is financed by debt and long term finance. The higher the gearing, the higher the dependence on borrowings and long term financing. The lower the gearing ratio, the higher the dependence on equity financing. Traditionally, the higher the level of gearing, the higher the level of financial risk due to the increased volatility of profits. Utilizing gearing amplifies the potential gain from an investment or project, but also increases the potential loss.


The Gearing Ratio is calculated as follows: divide Long Term Liabilities by (Equity + Long Term Liabilities) X 100 which results in a percentage.


Note that in the USA the term "Leverage" or "Financial Leverage" is more commonly used.


In certain Financial Debt Covenants, the borrower may be obliged to maintain a certain gearing ratio.


Gearing Ratio Forum
  When is Gearing Ratio High or Low?
Hi, I was just wondering. The article says "the higher the gearing ratio...." or "the lower the gearing ratio..." but I was wondering what deemed a high or a low ratio. Specifically, what is a high ratio? Over 2?...
     
 
  Reserves in Gearing Ratio
Does Equity includes Reserves and Surplus? Any specific reserves to include/exclude?...
     
 

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Financial Statement Analysis | Ratio Analysis

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Usage (application): Ratio Analysis, Finanical Statement Analysis
 
 

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Compare also: Debt to Equity Ratio  |  Recapitalization  |  Undercapitalization

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