Competency-based Approach

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Description of Competency-based Approach. Explanation.

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Definition Competency-based Approach. Description.


What is a Competency. meaning

A competency has been defined by its pioneers as:

  • The generic knowledge, motive, trait, social role or a skill of a person linked to superior performance on the job (Hayes '79).
  • A capacity that exists in a person that leads to behavior that meets the job demands within parameters of organizational environment, and that, in turn brings about desired results (Boyatzis '82).

A competency is a set (a combination) of applied knowledge, manifested skills, relevant personal attributes and underlying observable behaviors (values, judgments, attitude, motives, beliefs, ethics) that describes acceptable (or excellent) performance in a particular work or job context.

 

Competencies can be described in a competency profile, which can be included in a competency catalogue or competency database.

 

What is Competency Mapping?

Competency mapping is the process of identifying (key) competencies for a particular position (role or task) in an organization and then using the result for various HR processes including job-evaluation, recruitment, training and development, performance management and succession planning.

 

Why use competencies alongside of job descriptions?

One big plus of using competencies is that traditional job descriptions typically only list the tasks and functions that are needed for a particular role, but not the abilities that are needed to conduct these tasks and functions. Competency profiles help to close that gap. This enables better job <> candidate matching as well as better employee performance measurement.

 

Definition Competency-based Approach. Description.

A Competency-based Approach is a HRM method that focuses on the skills and talents needed to be able to perform a particular task to a certain standard. The method relies on using a series of assessment tools that identify not only the technical skills a candidate possesses, but his behavioral competencies as well. The approach can be valuable for:

  • Developing performance standards.

  • Career Management

  • Appraising employees against these standards.

  • Training and development. Identifying  needs of individual employees.

  • Recruitment. Assessing the skills, abilities and characteristics needed when hiring new employees.

Steps in the Competency-based Approach. Process

  1. Define organizational culture.

  2. Define essential job activities and responsibilities.

  3. Define technical competencies and skills required.

  4. Define behavioral competencies.

  5. Define competencies and behavioral indicators.

Two categories of Competencies

Competencies can be broken down into two categories:

  1. Work-based Competencies. Job-specific characteristics, skills and abilities such as fluency in the Italian language or the ability to work with Microsoft Excel.

  2. Behavior-based Competencies. Personal characteristics or attributes such as interpersonal skills, attitudes, motivation.




Competency-based Approach Forum (8 topics) Help
  Competency-Based Paying: Broadbanding  - A common paying structure is competency based: Broadbanding. What is Broadbanding exactly?
Broadbanding is a pay strategy that consolidates the many distinct pay grades of traditional pay structures into only few “broad bands”. Due to onl...
     
  Competency Mapping for an Organizational Development Department  - I would like to know how to do competency mapping for the OD department of a manufacturing organization. Who can share some tips? Thank you....      
  Theorists of Competency Based Leadership  - Can you direct me to theorists regarding competency based leadership? The organization I work for has based their succession planning on this model.
Thank you....
     
  Characteristics of the Competency-based Approach  - Here's a list of characteristics or features of a Competency-based Approach (CBA):
1. Consensus around what is a successful teaching performance.
2. Competence consists of combination of attributes (such as knowledge, abilities, skills and ...
     
  Competency-based Approach, Has it Begun or Finished?  - How can we apply an approach without having prior training? Is this approach a universal model we should follow to ensure that we are on the same level as others or that we should apply approaches specific to our society???...      
  Project Work in Competency Based-approach  - I would like to learn more about competency based approach in connection to project work....      
  Competency-based Teaching Techniques in a Crowded Class  - How can we use competency based teaching in a class of 40 pupils?...      
  Techniques for Competency Based Approach  - What are the different techniques we can use within the competency based approach? For example, which techniques could be used to teach reading?...      



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Compare with: Behavioral Observation Scales  |  Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales  |  Pre-Employment Screening  |  Self-Appraisal  |  Peer-Appraisal  |  360-Degree Feedback  |  Management by Objectives

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