Abilene Paradox

Knowledge Center

   

Description of Abilene Paradox. Explanation.

Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Forum
  3. Best Practices
  4. Expert Tips
  5. Resources

Print

Highlights

 

Definition Abilene Paradox. Description.


The Abilene Paradox is a phenomenon in which the limits of a particular situation seems to force a group of people to act in a way that is the opposite of what they actually want. This situation can occur when groups continue with misguided activities which no group member desires because no member is willing to raise objections, or displease the others. The term was coined by Jerry B. Harvey in his 1988 book "The Abilene Paradox and other Meditations on Management". Here is the anecdote in the book which Harvey uses to elucidate the paradox:

On a hot afternoon visiting in Coleman, Texas, the family is comfortably playing dominoes on a porch, until the father-in-law suggests that they take a trip to Abilene (53 miles away) for dinner. The wife says, "Sounds like a great idea." The husband, despite having reservations because the drive is long and hot, thinks that his preferences must be out-of-step with the group and says, "Sounds good to me. I just hope your mother wants to go." The mother-in-law then says, "Of course I want to go. I haven't been to Abilene in a long time."
 

The drive is hot, dusty, and long. When they arrive at the cafeteria, the food is as bad. They arrive back home four hours later, exhausted.
 

One of them dishonestly says, "It was a great trip, wasn't it." The mother-in-law says that, actually, she would rather have stayed home, but went along since the other three were so enthusiastic. The husband says, "I wasn't delighted to be doing what we were doing. I only went to satisfy the rest of you." The wife says, "I just went along to keep you happy. I would have had to be crazy to want to go out in the heat like that." The father-in-law then says that he only suggested it because he thought the others might be bored.
 

The group sits back, perplexed that they together decided to take a trip which none of them wanted. They each would have preferred to sit comfortably, but did not admit to it when they still had time to enjoy the afternoon.
 

Six characteristics emblematic of a group failing to manage agreement effectively

  1. Members individually, but privately, agree about their current situation.

  2. Members agree, again in private, about what it would take to deal with the situation.

  3. Members fail to communicate their desires and/or beliefs to one another, and, most importantly, sometimes even communicate the very opposite of their wishes based on what they assume are the desires and opinions of others. People make incorrect assumptions about consensus.

  4. Based on inaccurate perceptions and assumptions, members make a collective decision that leads to action.

  5. Members experience frustration, anger, and dissatisfaction with the organization.

  6. Members are destined to repeat this unsatisfying and dysfunctional behavior if they do not begin to understand the genesis of mismanaged agreement.

To avoid the Abilene Paradox from occurring in business meetings, a useful technique is, when the time comes to make decisions, that somebody should ask: 'Are we going to Abilene here?', to determine the decision is merely a result of this kind of Groupthink, Spiral of Silence or Core Group Theory or is legitimately desired by the meeting.




Abilene Paradox Forum Help
  Underlying Causes of the Abilene Paradox
One of the underlying causes of the Abilene Paradox is CONFORMITY, which refers to behavioral change resulting from real or imagined group pressures. Indeed, such pressures are likely to move groups or individuals in another direction than the one th...
     
  Original Abilene Paradox Audio Tapes
About five years ago, I was privileged to take Dr. Jerry Harvey to lunch in Alexandria, Virginia. A finer gentleman you could not find anywhere. In the course of our lunch, I asked him where I could get a copy of his original Abilene paradox audio ta...
     
  Abiline Paradox Starts with an Inaccurate Assumption
The entire situation in the Abiline Paradox begins with an inaccurate assumption by the initiator of the trip. This set in motion the political dynamics of in-law relationships. Most researchers would agree that one must question the validity of any ...
     
  Communicating in Front of Others
Communicating with each other in front of others may not work as well as doing it individually to find out how the other person feels about a specific topic or request. Some individuals are more likely to go along with the group even if someone says ...
     
Begin a new topic: Sign up for free

Abilene Paradox Special Interest Group


Special Interest Group

 

Best Practices - Abilene Paradox Premium

Expert Tips - Abilene Paradox Premium
 

Pluralistic Ignorance and the Abilene Paradox

Pluralistic Ignorance can be described as a situation in which a certain person has an opinion, but believes that most of his or her colleagues hold t...
Usage (application): Problems in Group Decision Making
 
 

Mobilize the Expertise in your Team Early On

In a short article, Bonner and Bolinger describe a surprisingly simple process to beef up the problem solving and/or decision-making capacity of your ...
Usage (application): Team Formation, Expert Power, Group Decision-making, Extroversion, Introversion
 
 

Boosting Creativity in Groups Avoiding Groupthink

Following 13 golden rules to boost creativity in group and avoid Groupthink to happen:
1. All ideas and information have to be accepted without c...
Usage (application): Best Practices, Workshops, Creativity
 
 

Avoiding Groupthink in Brainstorming

Cardstorming is a creativity tool, similar to Brainstorming, allowing people to share ideas. It can be used as an alternative to brainstorming when th...
Usage (application): Private Brainstorming
 
 

How to Avoid Groupthink?

One method that is particularly well suited to avoid Groupthink is the Six Think...
Usage (application): Prevention Mechanisms
 
 

PROs and CONs of a Strong Corporate Culture

Implementing a significant change is generally easier when the corporate culture is not strong. By strong Corporate Culture is meant that values an...
Usage (application): Corporate Culture Change, Change Management, Organizational Change
 

Resources - Abilene Paradox Premium

Avoiding Group Biases: The Pre-Mortem Technique

Nobel laureate Professor Emeritus Daniel Kahneman explains the Pre-mortum approach by Gary Klein to arrange a special meeting to make a group of peopl...
Usage (application): Group Decision Making, Avoiding Group Biases, Group Think, Tunnel Vision

Social Influence: Conformity

Interesting presentation about conformity and the Abilene paradox. Includes the following sections:
Presentation Overview
The Abilene Parado...
Usage (application): Abilene Paradox, Group Decision Making

Individual Decision Making and Group Decision Making

Presentation about Decision Making by groups and individuals. The presentation includes the following sections:
1. Knowledge Objectives
2. D...
Usage (application): Decision Making Process, Groupthink, Decision Making Styles, Vroom-Yetton Method

Group Influences and Opinion Leadership

Presentation about Group Influences, including various related concepts such as the Social Comparison Theory and Word-of Mouth Communication. The pres...
Usage (application): Groupthink, Group Dynamics, Word of Mouth Marketing, Sales, Opinion Leadership, Convincing People, Persuation

Abilene Paradox and Conflicts

Presentation about the Abilene Paradox. The presentation clearly explains what kind of conflict is created by the Abilene Paradox and the reasons behi...
Usage (application): Group Decision Making, Managing Conflicts, Managing Agreement, Avoiding Groupthink
 

News

Abilene Paradox
     
 

Videos

Abilene Paradox
     
 

Presentations

Abilene Paradox
     
 

More

Abilene Paradox
     

Compare with: Bandwagon Effect Bias  |  False Consensus Bias  |  Cognitive Bias  |  Synectics  |  Bounded Rationality  |  Active Listening  |  Groupthink  |  Spiral of Silence  |  Core Group Theory  |  Team Management Profile  |  Six Thinking Hats  |  Delphi Method  |  Metaplan  |  Contingency Theory  |  Framing  |  Levels of Culture  |  Changing Organization Cultures  |  Competing Values Framework  |  Brainstorming  |  Spiral Dynamics  |  Whole Brain Model  |  Analogical Strategic Reasoning  |  Lateral Thinking  |  Analogical Strategic Reasoning  |  Gestalt Theory  |  TRIZ  |  Mind Mapping  |  Root Cause Analysis  |  Dialectical Inquiry  |  Johari Window  |  Delphi Method  |  Paralysis by Analysis

Special Interest Group Leader

You here


 

Return to Management Hub: Change & Organization  |  Communication & Skills  |  Decision-making & Valuation  |  Ethics & Responsibility  |  Human Resources  |  Knowledge & Intangibles  |  Leadership  |  Strategy


More on Management  |  Return to Management Dictionary  | 

 

This ends our Abilene Paradox summary and forum.

Copyright 2016 12manage - The Executive Fast Track. V14.0 - Last updated: 3-5-2016. All names tm by their owners.